2017. augusztus 12., szombat

És, azért hogy semmiből se legyen több, mint amennyi kell belőle: a vese !

The ions and low molecular weight solutes in the blood plasma are not fixed components, but are in constant flux between blood and various tissues. Dietary uptake of inorganic ions is, in general, counterbalanced by their excretion in the urine. For many of the components of blood, something near a dynamic steady state is achieved; the concentration of the component changes little, although a continual flux occurs from the digestive tract, through the blood, and to the urine. For example, almost regardless of the dietary intake of Na+, K+, and Ca2+, the plasma levels of these ions remain close to 140, 5, and 2.5 mM, respectively. Any significant departure from these values can result in serious illness or death. The kidneys play an especially important role in maintaining the ion balance, serving as a selective filter that allows waste products and excess ions to pass from the blood to the urine while preventing the loss of essential nutrients and ions.

Lehninger-Nelson-Cox: Principles of Biochemistry, 745.o.

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Szószedet: homeostasis (önbévület*)

homeostasis : The maintenance of a dynamic steady state by regulatory mechanisms that compensate for changes in external circumstances. ___...